Understanding Dying Death and Bereavement 7th edition Test bank

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Understanding Dying Death and Bereavement 7th edition Test bank

Description

CHAPTER 1

STUDYING DYING, DEATH, AND BEREAVEMENT

Chapter Outline

Current Interest in Death and Dying
Why the Increased Interest?
The Mystery of Death
Terrorism
Ethical Issues
Popular Culture
Death Education
Thanatology Classes
Thanatology Publications
Mortality Statistics
Death Etiology and Life Expectancy
Gender Differences in Mortality Rates
Approaches to the Study of Dying and Death
The Biological Approach
The Psychological Approach
The Philosophical Approach
The Anthropological Approach
The Sociological Approach
Structural-Functional Theory
Conflict Theory
Social Exchange Theory
Symbolic Interactionist Theory
Conclusion
Summary
Discussion Questions
Glossary
Suggested Readings

True-False Questions

1. The interdisciplinary study of dying, death, and bereavement is called thanatology. True

2. American society formally prepares individuals to deal with dying and death on both personal and emotional levels. False

3. Death appears to be more abstract for those growing up today than for previous generations. True

4. In the early 1940s Hollywood began to produce films around the theme of death when the good guy died. False

5. Television specials with a theme of dying and death began emerging in the 1970s in the United States. True

6. Currently there is almost an obsession, and certainly a fascination, with death-related themes in American movies. True

7. The suicide doctor in Michigan in the late 20th century was Dr. Jack Kevorkian. True

8. A program for the elderly called Elderhostel does not allow the topic of dying and death to be presented. True

9. A text published in 1959 for thanatology was an anthology by psychologist Herman Feifel titled The Meaning of Death. True

10. Jessica Mitfords The American Way of Death in 1963 was very favorable toward the funeral industry. False

11. Conflict theory is concerned with explaining the stability of society. False

12. Exchange theory is primarily concerned with the issue of societal maintenance and social equilibrium. False

13. The leading cause of death in the United States today is cardiovascular disease. True

14. Life expectancy in the United States is greater for males than females. False


15. The conception sex ratio and the sex ratio at birth in the United States favors males over females. True

16. Anthropologist Ashley Montagu suggested that women have a superior use of emotions because they are more likely to cry than men. True

17. Biological death has remained much the same over the years and so has the manner in which humans experience death. False

18. Gerontophobia is the fear of dying of a debilitating disease. False

19. Physical anthropologists who study death-related phenomena have a special interest in death rituals in different cultures. False

20. Sociology is a multiparadigm science. True

21. Symbolic interactionism is an approach stressing the importance of interpretation of others behavior. True

22. A major assumption of social exchange theory is that the profit motive governs social situations. True

23. The events of September 11, 2001, have caused our society to become more paranoid. True

24. Kubler-Ross On Death and Dying, published in 1969, sparked a lot of interest in the topic of dying and death. True

25. Jessica Mitfords The American Way of Death, published in 1963, played a critical role in changes in the funeral industry. True

26. Leading causes of death in 1900 were cardiovascular diseases and cancer. False

27. Terror management theory (TMT) suggests that people adhere to cultural worldviews and beliefs in order to suppress death and morality-related thoughts. True

28. A popular book about a professor dying of ALS in the 1990s is titled Tuesdays with Morrie and was written by Mitch Albom. True

29. Smoking kills approximately 434,000 Americans each year. True

30. Smoking accounts for approximately 5 percent of all deaths globally each year. True

31. A ban was imposed on public smoking in the United Kingdom in 2007. True

32. Cigarette smoking in movies today is becoming more popular. True

33. Infant mortality rates in the United States are the lowest of all postindustrial countries in the world today. False

34. In modern Western countries life expectancy is longer for women than for men. True

35. Women have a higher morbidity rate than men. True

36. A longitudinal study is a study done at one point in time. False

37. The psychological approach looks at dying from a developmental perspective. True

38. An existentialist approach looks at dying and death from an anthropological perspective. False

39. The phenomenology approach to dying and death studies the thing itself. True

40. Fictive kin refers to terms for individuals who are not related via kinship. True

41. A latent function of a funeral is that a funeral is a family reunion. True

Multiple-Choice Questions

1. A communicable disease (such as pneumonia) caused by a number of microorganisms including viruses, fungi, and bacteria is known as

a. a chronic disease.
*b. an acute disease
c. a slow death disease.
d. both a and c above.
e. none of the above.

2. The interdisciplinary study of death-related behavior is known as

a. death etiology.
*b. thanatology.
c. anthropometry.
d. gerontology.
e. geriatrics.

3. Which was not cited in the text as a reason for the increased interest in the study of dying, death, and bereavement?

a. An aura of mystery developed with deaths occurring in institutional settings
b. Prolonged life as a result of medical and scientific breakthroughs resulting in numerous ethical issues
*c. Large percentages of the population leaving urban areas and returning to the farm where death is a daily event
d. All of the above were cited.

4. Television specials on death and dying first emerged in the

a. 1940s.
b. 1950s.
c. 1960s.
*d. 1970s.
e. 1980s.

5. Published in 1963, this book was most critical of the funeral industry.

*a. Jessica Mitfords The American Way of Death
b. Elizabeth Kubler-Rosss On Death and Dying
c. Herman Feifels The Meaning of Death
d. Ernest Beckers The Denial of Death
e. None of the above

6. The bestselling book on death and dying published in 1969 is

a. Jessica Mitfords The American Way of Death.
*b. Elizabeth Kubler-Rosss On Death and Dying.
c. Herman Feifels The Meaning of Death.
d. Ernest Beckers The Denial of Death.
e. Raymond Moodys Life After Life.

7. Two professional journals in death and dying today are

a. Death Education and Death and Life.
b. Alpha and Omega.
*c. Omega and Death Studies.
d. Thanatology Studies and Death and Dying.
e. Death and Dying and Death Studies.

8. Courses on death and dying began to flourish in the United States in the

a. 1930s.
b. 1950s.
*c. 1970s.
d. 1990s.
e. 2010s.

9. The primary cause of death in the United States today is

a. accidents.
b. old age.
*c. cardiovascular disease.
d. pneumonia.
e. AIDS.

10. Which of the following is an example of an acute disease?

*a. Pneumonia
b. AIDS
c. Cancer
d. Arthritis
e. Diabetes

11. Most people dying in the U.S. today die

a. at home.
b. on the highways.
*c. in a hospital or nursing home.
d. on city streets.
e. in their sleep at the office.

12. Death etiology refers to

*a. the causes of death.
b. a contagious disease.
c. a new type of AIDS.
d. death with dignity.
e. death during the winter months.

13. The suicide physician in Michigan who assisted with individual deaths in the 1990s was

a. Michael DeBakey.
b. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross.
c. Earl Grollman.
*d. Jack Kevorkian.
e. none of the above.

14. A sociological study of death is likely to include

a. an effort to determine whether certain death related behavior is moral or ethical.
b. a consideration of how biological organs function to produce death.
c. a consideration of how humans originally became subject to death.
*d. a consideration of how social factors influence biological factors related death.

15. The ISAS interpretation of death related behavior emphasizes that

a. use of any given meaning for some item of behavior always has the same consequences.
b. any given behavior pattern always stems from the same biological condition.
c. all individuals experience death in the same way.
*d. the meaning of death may change even though the biological aspects do not change.

16. Emphasizing the organization of the funeral industry and its relationship with other social structures in a society would be important in which of these conceptual frameworks?

a. Social conflict
*b. Structural functional
c. Social exchange
d. Symbolic interaction

17. Structural functional theory can be best described as a theory stressing

a. roles and role expectations.
*b. the interaction of parts and the whole.
c. the interaction of families in a symbolic manner.
d. the independence of societal units.

18. Conflict theory

a. emphasizes the undesirability of social change.
b. represents an equilibrium theory.
*c. is associated with an analysis of disruption and change as being potentially useful.
d. does none of the above.

19. The premise that reinforcement and mutual benefit are important in sustaining relations is associated with which theory or frame of reference?

a. Social conflict
b. Structural functional
*c. Social exchange
d. Symbolic interaction

20. Which theoretical framework would investigate the following research question: What are the rewards and costs involved in developing relationships that are inevitably ended by death?

a. Social conflict
b. Structural functional
*c. Social exchange
d. Symbolic interaction

21. Which theoretical framework would investigate the following research question: How do funerals help to promote relationships between kinship groups (grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, etc.)?

a. Social conflict
*b. Structural functional
c. Social exchange
d. Symbolic interaction

22. Which theoretical framework would investigate the following research question: Are adult children who care for their elderly parents more likely to receive a greater share of their parents inheritance than children who do not participate in the terminal care?

a. Social conflict
b. Structural functional
*c. Social exchange
d. Symbolic interaction

23. Which theoretical framework would investigate the following research question: What are the dysfunctional consequences of parental inheritance bequests for relationships between children?

*a. Social conflict
b. Structural functional
c. Social exchange
d. Symbolic interaction

24. Regarding death anxiety and death education, thanatologists

a. agree that death education relieves death anxiety.
b. agree that death education does not relieve death anxiety.
*c. cannot agree on whether or not death education relieves death anxiety.

25. The ISAS paradigm for doing research in the social sciences, especially sociology, is the shorthand formula for

a. structural functionalism.
b. the conflict perspective.
c. social exchange.
*d. symbolic interactionism.

26. The sex ratio is the number of

*a. males per 100 females.
b. females per 100 males.
c. males per 1,000 females.
d. females per 1,000 males.

27. A popular 1990s book about a professor dying of ALS and written by his former student is titled

a. Fridays with Fred.
*b. Tuesdays with Morrie.
c. Saturdays with Sarah.
d. Dying of ALS.

28. Smoking kills approximately ______ Americans each year.

a. 50,000
b. 200,000
*c. 450,000
d. 750,000

29. Cigarette smoking in movies is becoming

*a. more popular today.
b. less popular today.
c. about as popular as in the 1950s.
d. less trendy.

30. Morbidity rates for women in the United States

*a. are higher than for men.
b. are lower than for men.
c. are no different than for men.
d. cannot be determined.

31. A psychological approach to dying looks at dying from

a. a developmental perspective.
b. a life stages perspective.
c. a biological perspective.
*d. both a and b.

32. A philosophical approach to dying and death may approach the topic from

a. a phenomenology perspective.
b. an existentialist perspective.
c. a psychological perspective.
*d. both a and b.

33. Regarding death and dying, cultural anthropologists study

*a. rituals through which individuals deal with death and hence celebrate life.
b. the biological aspects of dying.
c. human remains and try to reconstruct the behavior.
d. none of the above.

Essay Questions

1. Discuss why women outlive men in the United States and most countries of the world. In the few countries where men outlive women, what is the primary cause for this?

2. Compare and contrast the relative advantages and disadvantages of dying from acute and chronic diseases. What effects do each of these causes have on the abilities of families to cope with the death of a family member?

3. Why did death come out of the closet in the 1970s? What events related to the thanatology movement helped change Americans awareness of dying and death?

4. What is the all-American way to die? Contrast this way of death with the way most Americans die today.

5. Contrast the causes of death in the United States today with those in 1900. Why have the main causes of death shifted since the beginning of the 20th century?

6. Cite examples to show how mass media have increased the emphasis on death and dying in the United States today.

7. Discuss the differences between biological and symbolic death.

8. Why do sociologists need different theoretical paradigms? Why is one not enough?

9. Compare and contrast the structural functional and conflict orientations for research on death-related behavior.

10. Compare and contrast the symbolic interactionist and exchange orientations for research on death-related behavior.

11. Each act of dying has three interconnected characteristics: shared, symboled, and situated. How does this relate to the statement that more dies than a biological body?

12. Discuss how terror management theory might help individuals adjust to death situations.

13. Discuss how popular culture affects attitudes toward dying and death.

14. Discuss a television program or movie you have seen recently that included the topic of dying and death. In what way did it deal with the topic?

15. Why do you think horror movies appeal to teenagers and young people?

16. How might death education help an individual deal with dying and death?

17. Why do you think women have a higher morbidity rate than men, yet a lower mortality rate?

18. Discuss recent bans on smoking in public places in the U.K. and the United States. Do you favor these bans?

19. How does a philosophical approach to dying and death differ from a biological approach?

20. How does a cultural anthropological approach to dying and death differ from a sociological approach?

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