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Unlocking Medical Terminology 2nd Edition by Wingerd Test Bank

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Unlocking Medical Terminology 2nd Edition by Wingerd Test Bank

Chapter 4

Multiple Choice

Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.    The pale area at the proximal end of the nail is the:

A.  cuticle

B.  eponychium

C.  lunula

D.  sensory receptor

2.    Which medical term is spelled correctly?

A.  oncyhomalacia

B.  rhytidoplasty

C.  sebacious

D.  zeroderma

3.    The word root that means nail is:

A.  onych

B.  pachy

C.  scler

D.  trich

4.    The combining form myc/o means:

A.  fungus

B.  nail

C.  thick

D.  wrinkles

5.   The definition of the suffix -malacia is:

A.  abnormal state

B.  excessive discharge

C.  inflammation

D.  softening

6.   The medical suffix that means view of is:

A.  -malacia

B.  -opsy

C.  -osis

D.  -tome

7.   Which medical term means disease-related death of tissue?

A.  necrosis

B.  onychomalacia

C.  onychophagia

D.  xanthoderma

8.   The abused client comes to the emergency room with multiple purplish patches on the skin caused by leaking blood vessels. The health care worker would chart that the client has:

A.  abrasions

B.  ecchymoses

C.  lesions

D.  petechiae

9.   An abscess is defined as:

A.  a closed sac or pouch that contains fluid

B.  a collection of pus from a localized infection

C.  the formation of local hard areas on the skin or elsewhere

D.  a skin wound caused by scraping

10. An injury to the skin that causes discoloration and swelling without breaking the skin surface is known as a:

A.  contusion

B.  laceration

C.  fissure

D.  vesicle

11. The patients skin has a yellowish coloration. The health care provider should chart that the skin:

A.  has induration

B.  has pallor

C.  is erythematous

D.  is jaundiced

12. A small, solid, circumscribed skin elevation is a:

A.  macule

B.  nevus

C.  papule

D.  vesicle

13. A chronic skin condition characterized by red lesions with silvery scales is known as:

A.  cellulitis

B.  herpes

C.  pediculosis

D.  psoriasis

14. Vitiligo is defined as a:

A.  condition in which a loss of pigment-producing cells results in whitish areas of skin

B.  contagious skin infection characterized by blisters that later erupt to form a yellowish crust

C.  fungal infection of the skin

D.  skin infection composed of a cluster of boils and caused by staphylococci bacteria

15. Which term is spelled correctly?

A.  echymosis

B.  emolient

C.  hydradenitis

D.  paronychia

Short Answer

Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. All answers to questions asking for a combining form must be written with a combining vowel and a slash; for example, the combining form meaning heart is cardi/o. All answers to questions asking for a suffix must be written with a hyphen before the suffix; for example, the suffix meaning cell is -cyte. All answers to questions asking for a prefix must be written with a hyphen after the prefix; for example, the prefix meaning two is bi-.

 

16. Some patients have dark skin because of increased amounts of ________, which serves to protect the skin from ultraviolet light.

17. The ________ glands release fluid, which lubricates the skin and hair by forming an oily film.

18. The outermost layer of skin is known as the ________.

19. The combining form that means hair is ________.

20. The word roots that mean skin are derm, derma, dermat, and ________.

21. The excessive discharge of sebum is ________.

22. Surgical removal of a nail is known as ________.

23. What is the medical term for the surgical repair of wrinkles?What is

24. What is the medical term for the loss or lack of scalp hair, or baldness?

25. What is the medical term for a symptom of itching?

True/False

Write T if the statement is true and F if the statement is false.

26.

_______ Skin cells become filled with the tough, waterproof protein keratin and die.

27.

_______ Collagen is a tough protein that glues the dermis to the underlying layer of tissue, the subcutaneous layer.

28.

_______ The combining form that means death is crypt/o.

29.

_______ The suffix -ia means pertaining to.

30.

_______ The suffix -phagia means eating or swallowing.

31.

_______ The definition of diaphoresis is profuse sweating.

32.

_______ Cicatrix are pinpoint skin hemorrhages.

33.

_______ The client who is allergic to shellfish accidentally ingested some shrimp. The client should be observed for verruca.

34.

_______ Infestation of the hair and skin with lice is known as impetigo.

35.

_______ Dermatoheteroplasty is surgical repair using skin from a source other than the patient.

Essay

Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper.

36. Discuss the functions of the integumentary system.

37.  Describe the process of skin repair.

 

Chapter 16

Multiple Choice

Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.   The primary organs of the female reproductive system are the:

A.  fallopian tubes

B.  mammary glands

C.  ovaries

D.  uterus and vagina

2.   Which word root means woman?

A.  gynec

B.  mamm

C.  ovari

D.  salping

3.   The combining form ov/o means:

A.  egg

B.  female

C.  ovary

D.  sex

4.   The client complains of irregular and excessive bleeding other than during menstruation. The health care worker would chart that the client has:

A.  menometrorrhagia

B.  menorrhagia

C.  metrorrhagia

D.  metrorrhea

5.   Inflammation of a fallopian tube is known as:

A.  myometritis

B.  oophoritis

C.  perimetritis

D.  salpingitis

6.   The condition of a sagging breast is known as:

A.  gynecomastia

B.  mastitis

C.  mastoptosis

D.  polymastia

7.   An infectious disease characterized by a rapid onset of symptoms including high fever, skin rash, diarrhea, vomiting, myalgia, and hypotension is:

A.  cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

B.  pelvic inflammatory disease

C.  toxic shock syndrome

D.  vulvovaginitis

8.   An x-ray image of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium is a:

A.  hysterosalpingogram

B.  mammogram

C.  sonohysterogram

D.  transvaginal sonogram

9.   Endoscopic examination of the vagina and cervix using a modified endoscope is a:

A.  colposcopy

B.  culdoscopy

C.  hysteroscopy

D.  laparoscopy

10. Suture of the vulva to repair a tear is known as a(n):

A.  colpoperineorrhaphy

B.  episioperineoplasty

C.  episiorrhaphy

D.  vulvectomy

11. An excision of a breast that includes removal of muscles and lymph nodes is a:

A.  lumpectomy

B.  modified radical mastectomy

C.  radical mastectomy

D.  simple mastectomy

12. Excision of a fallopian tube and ovary is a(n):

A.  hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy

B.  panhysterectomy

C.  salpingectomy

D.  salpingo-oophorectomy

13. A diagnostic procedure in which a sample of cells from the cervix and vagina are removed and examined microscopically for abnormalities is a:

A.  biopsy

B.  cervical conization

C.  colposcopy

D.  Papanicolau smear

14. Which medical term is spelled correctly?

A.  curretage

B.  dysmenorrhea

C.  hydrasalpinx

D.  infandibulum

15. The female gametes are:

A.  alveolar glands

B.  estrogen and progesterone

C.  oocytes

D.  ovaries

  1. Select the combining form that means vagina.
  2. colp/o
  3. hyster/o
  4. oophor/o
  5. orchid/o
  6. A 33-year-old patient has not had her period for several months and is not pregnant. The medical term for absence of menstrual discharge is:
  7. dysmenorrhea
  8. menorrhagia
  9. amenorrhea
  10. endometriosis
  11. A patient complaining of irregular and excessive bleeding other than during normal menstruation would be experiencing:
  12. metrorrhea
  13. menorrhagia
  14. metrorrhagia
  15. menometrorrhagia
  16. A patient has complained of excessive bleeding during her menstrual period. The correct medical term for this is:
  17. amenorrhea
  18. menorrhagia
  19. metrorrhagia
  20. menometrorrhagia
  21. Select the combining form that means uterus.
  22. colp/o
  23. hyster/o
  24. oophor/o
  25. orchid/o
  26. Select the combining form that means ovary.
  27. colp/o
  28. hyster/o
  29. oophor/o
  30. orchid/o
  31. The correct meaning of the prefix in the term endometriosis is:
  32. uterus
  33. within
  34. vagina
  35. condition of
  36. The medical term for having more than two breasts is:
  37. amastia
  38. mastalgia
  39. polymastia
  40. mastitis
  41. Which of the following terms is spelled correctly?
  42. dysplasia
  43. displasea
  44. displaysha
  45. dysplasha
  46. A condition in which endometrial cells grow and bleed outside the uterus is:
  47. endometritis
  48. endometriosis
  49. pelvic inflammatory disease
  50. endometrial cancer
  51. This disease is characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue in abnormal locations, such as the pelvic cavity, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.
  52. polycystic ovarian syndrome
  53. endometriosis
  54. fibrocystic breast disease
  55. benign prostatic hyperplasia
  56. Benign tumors in the muscular wall of the uterus are called:
  57. fibroid tumors
  58. prostatic carcinoma
  59. cervical cancer
  60. ovarian cancer
  61. This disease is characterized by lack of ovulation, infertility, and the formation of numerous ovarian cysts.
  62. polycystic ovarian syndrome
  63. endometriosis
  64. fibrocystic breast disease
  65. benign prostatic hyperplasia
  66. A rare and staphylococcal bacterial infection characterized by a rapid onset of symptoms including high fever, skin rash, and mental confusion is:
  67. cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  68. pelvic inflammatory disease
  69. toxic shock syndrome
  70. vulvovaginitis
  71. The correct meaning of the root in the term hysteroscopy is:
  72. viewing
  73. breast
  74. uterus
  75. instrument used to view
  76. The correct meaning of the root in the term mammogram is:
  77. x-ray record
  78. vagina
  79. viewing
  80. breast
  81. The medical term for endoscopic viewing of the vagina is:
  82. hysteroscopy
  83. colposcopy
  84. hysterectomy
  85. colpectomy
  86. In this procedure, the cervix is dilated and a spoon-shaped instrument is used to scrape the uterine lining.
  87. D&C
  88. N&V
  89. B&E
  90. S&T

 

  1. This instrument is used to open the vaginal orifice for visual examination.
  2. curette
  3. speculum
  4. hysteroscope
  5. catheter
  6. This is the medical term for the procedure where the fallopian tubes are severed and closed as a form of permanent female birth control.
  7. vasectomy
  8. tubal ligation
  9. oophorectomy
  10. D&C
  11. Abnormal leakage of amniotic fluid, which indicates a rupture of the amniotic sac, is called:
  12. amniocentesis
  13. amniography
  14. amnioscopy
  15. amniorrhea

Short Answer

Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. All answers to questions asking for a combining form must be written with a combining vowel and a slash; for example, the combining form meaning heart is cardi/o. All answers to questions asking for a suffix must be written with a hyphen before the suffix; for example, the suffix meaning cell is -cyte. All answers to questions asking for a prefix must be written with a hyphen after the prefix; for example, the prefix meaning two is bi-.

 

37. If implantation of an embryo occurs in the uterus, the inner lining of the endometrium thickens to establish the nourishing ________.

38. The end of the monthly cycle wherein the ________  increases and decreases in thickness is known as menstruation.

39. Three word roots that mean uterus are hyster, metr,  and ________.

40. The medical term that means absence of menstrual discharge is ________.

41. The medical term for white or yellow discharge from the uterus is ________.

42. The medical term that means the presence of more than two breasts is________.

43. The medical term that means difficult or painful intercourse is ________.

44. The acronym PID stands for ________.

45. The use of lasers, electricity, or heat to destroy the endometrium, which is then removed in order to treat abnormal bleeding, is ________.

46. The first menses is called ________.

True/False

Write T if the statement is true and F if the statement is false.

47.

_______ Ovulation involves the bursting of an ovum out of a mature ovarian follicle, or graafian follicle, through the ovarian wall into the peritoneal cavity.

48.

_______ Collectively, the female external genitalia are known as the perineum.

49.

_______ The suffix -atresia means opening.

50.

_______ An abnormal condition of the endometrium, in which endometrial tissue grows in various locations in the pelvic cavity, is endometritis.

51.

_______ A fistula is an abnormal passage from one hollow organ to another.

52.

_______ A parovarian cyst is an abnormal fluid-filled sac of a fallopian tube.

53.

_______ A fibroid tumor is a cancerous tumor containing fibrous tissue that arises from the myometrium of the uterus.

54.

_______ A surgical puncture into the pelvic cavity to remove fluid from the rectouterine pouch is known as culdocentesis.

55.

_______ Surgical repair of a protrusion of the bladder against the anterior vaginal wall and protrusion of the rectum against the posterior vaginal wall is anterior and posterior colporrhaphy.

56.

_______ Suture of the wall of the cervix is trachelorrhaphy.

Essay

Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper.

57. What are the functions of the female reproductive system?

58. List the major cancers of female organs and the accompanying surgical treatments.

 

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